Modern Day Slavery
Human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery. Victims of human trafficking are subjected to force, fraud, or coercion, for the purpose of sexual exploitation or forced labor. Victims are young children, teenagers, men and women.
Human Trafficking is the second largest criminal industry in the world, and it is steadily growing.
According to the U.S. Department of State there is an estimated 800,000 victims trafficked annually across international Borders worldwide. Victims are generally trafficked into the U.S. from Asia, Central and South America, and Eastern Europe to work in prostitution or sex entertainment.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines “Severe forms of Trafficking in Persons” as:
- Sex Trafficking: the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act2, in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person forced to perform such an act is under the age of 18 years; or
- Labor Trafficking: the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery. In both forms, the victim is an unwilling participant due to force, fraud or coercion.